Monday, January 12, 2009

JANUARY 12, 2009

HAPPY BIRTHDAYS!
105 Years Ago Today In 1904 - Mississippi Fred McDowell, singer, guitarist and Capitol Records artist (1969 - the album "I Do Not Play No Rock'n'Roll") is born in Rossville, Tennessee
1905 - Tex Ritter, singer, guitarist, motion picture actor, television host, 1964 Country Music Hall Of Fame inductee, 1971 Nashville Songwriters Hall Of Fame inductee, the father of actor John Ritter, and Capitol Records' first Country artist, is born born Maurice Woodward Ritter in Murvaul, Panola County, Texas
50 Years Ago Today In 1959 - Per Gessle, singer, songwriter, with the Capitol Records group Roxette, is born in Halmstad, Sweden

ON THIS DAY IN CAPITOL RECORDS HISTORY
1941 - The Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra (lineup unlisted), conducted by Clemens Krauss, records Johann Strauss' "Roses From The South, Part 1" and "Roses From The South Part, 2" in Vienna, Austria. Capitol Records will purchase the masters and issue both tracks on the orchestra's album "JOHANN STRAUSS - Waltzes" (P-8061).
1946 - During a split session held this day in New York City, New York first Jo Stafford (on vocals), with Frank DeVol and His Orchestra (lineup unlisted), records the track "I Didn't Mean A Word I Said" and then Margaret Whiting (on vocals), with Frank Devol conducting his own arrangements to the orchestra (lineup still unlisted but includes a string section), records the tracks "Can't Help Lovin' Dat Man" and "Bill". Capitol Records will issue Stafford's track as a single (Capitol 238) with "You May Not Love Me" on the flip side, Whiting's first track as a single (Capitol 247) with "Come Rain Or Come Shine" on the flip side, and Whiting's last track as a single (Capitol 1801) with "More! More! More!" on the flip side.
60 Years Ago Today In 1949 - At their first session for Capitol Records Tommy Duncan (on vocals) and His Western All-Stars (Ocie Stockard and Joe Holley on fiddle; Millard Kelso on piano; Jimmy Wyble on lead guitar; Maurice Cameron Hill on guitar; Noel Boggs on steel guitar; Glynn Duncan on bass; and Davy Coleman on drums) record the tracks "I'm Thru Wastin' My Time On You", "Worried Over You", "Take Me Back To Tulsa", and "Time Changes Everything" at Radio Recorders' studios in Hollywood, California between 2:00pm and 5:00pm. Capitol Records will issue the first two tracks together as a single (Capitol 15381) and The Franklin Mint will issue the last two tracks on the album "The Greatest Country Music Recordings Of All Time" (FM 94).
60 Years Ago Today In 1949 - Jo Stafford (on vocals) and The Starlighters (vocal group with lineup unlisted), with Paul Weston and His Orchestra (lineup unlisted), record the tracks "Just Reminiscin'", "On The Alamo", and an (as of 2005) unissued take of the track "Always True To You In My Fashion" in Los Angeles, California. Capitol Records will issue the first track as a single (Capitol 15378) with a later take of "All Ways True To You In My Fashion" on the flip side and the second track as a single (Capitol 15410) with "Beguine The Beguine" on the flip side.
1950 - George Tzipine (conducting) and His Salon Orchestra (lineup unlisted) record the tracks "Fiddle Faddle", Dvorak's "Songs My Mother Taught Me (Opus 55 #4)", "Medley: Polly Wolly Doodle/By The Waters Of Minnetonka" and Czibulka's "Love's Dream After The Ball (Opus 256)" (taken from Capitol Transcription W-62) in Paris, France. Capitol Records will issue all the tracks on Tzipine's album "Dinner At Eight" (EBF-194).
1951 - Les Baxter and His Orchestra (lineup unlisted) record the tracks "So Long" (vocals by Lindy Doherty), "The Roving Kind" (vocals by Lindy Doherty), "Zing Zing Zoom Zoom", and "When You Return" in Los Angeles, California. Capitol Records will issue the first two tracks together as a single (Capitol 1381) and the last two tracks together as a single (Capitol 1390).
1951 - Jimmy Wakely (on vocals), with Lex Baxter and His Orchestra and chorus (lineups for both unlisted), records the tracks "Lorelei", "Beautiful Brown Eyes", "At The Close Of A Long, Long Day", and "Don't Be Lonely" in Los Angeles, California. Capitol Records will issue the fist track as a single (Capitol 2380) with "If You Knew What It Means To Be" on the flip side, the second and third tracks together as a single (Capitol 1393), and the last track as a single (Capitol 1554) with "I'll Never Do A Thing To Hurt You" on the flip side.
1953 - Jackie Gleason and His Concert Orchestra (with Gleason conducting a large orchestra, including strings) records a new take of "Melancholy Serenade", the (as of 2005) unissued track "White House Serenade", "You're Getting To Be A Habit With Me" (featuring Bobby Hackett on trumpet) and "Peg O' My Heart" in New York City, New York. Capitol Records will issue the remaining tracks on Gleason's EP "Melancholy Serenade" (EAP-1-532).
55 Years Ago In 1954 - Paul Smith (on piano, with Abe Most on clarinet; Tony Rizzi on guitar; Sam Chieftz on bass; and Irv Cottler on drums) records the track "The Lady Is A Tramp", unissued (as of 2005) takes of the tracks "Low Bridge" and "My Heart Stood Still", and the track "Thou Swell" in Los Angeles, California. Capitol Records will issue the first and last tracks on Smith's album "Liquid Sounds By Paul Smith" (H-493).
1955 - The Four Knights (Gene Alford and John Wallace on tenor vocals; Clarence Dixon on baritone vocals; and Oscar Broadway on bass vocals), overdub vocals In Los Angeles, California on to the instrumental tracks "Me" and "Gratefully Yours" which were recorded by Pee Wee Hunt (on trombone, with Andy Bartha on clarinet, Leo Kaminsky on clarinet, Joe Hall on piano, Chuck Carle on bass, and John Jay on drums) on December 14, 1954. Capitol Records will issue both tracks together as a single (Capitol 3155).
1955 - Bob Graham (on vocals) records vocal overdubs in Los Angeles, California onto Nelson Riddle and His Orchestra's track "Run For Cover" which was recorded on December 28, 1954. Capitol Records will issue the final version of the track as a single (Capitol 3037) with Riddle's track "The Pendulum Song" on the flip side.
1955 - The Farmer Boys (Bobby Adamson on lead vocals, Woodie Wayne Murray on harmony vocals, with "Jelly" Sanders on fiddle, Roy Nichols on electric guitar, Lewis
Talley on rhythm guitar, Bill Woods on mandolin, and [listed as possibly] Cliffie Stone on bass; and Johnny Cuviello on drums) record the tracks "You Lied", "You're A Humdinger" (with Woodie Wayne Murray on lead vocals), "I'm Too Lazy" and "Onions, Onions" at Capitol Records' Melrose Avenue studios in Hollywood, California. Capitol Records will issue the first track as a single (Capitol F3246) with "It Pays To Advertise" on the flip side, the second and third tracks together as a single (Capitol F3077), and the last track as a single (Capitol 3162) with "Lend A Helpin' Hand" on the flip side.
1955 - During two sessions held this day in Los Angeles, California Sam Donahue and His Orchestra (lineup unlisted) record the tracks "Love Thy Neighbor", "Love Letters In the Sand", "Love Me Or Leave Me", and "Taking A Chance On Love" at the first session and the tracks "Don't Take Your Love From Me", "Love Nest", "Love Locked Out", and "Love Is The (Sweetest) Thing" at the second session. Capitol Records will issue all the tracks on Dohahue's album "For Young Moderns In Love" (T 613).
1956 - Bert Convey, with the group The Cheers, signs with Capitol Records
1956 - Dennis Day (on vocals), with George Wyle and His Orchestra (lineup unlisted) and the vocal group The Starlighters (lineup also unlisted), "While The Organ Played At Twilight", "The Whiffenpoof Song", "Lost In The Stars", and "The Thrill Is Gone" in Los Angeles, California. After overdubs are recorded on February 2 and 10, 1956 Capitol Records will issue all the tracks on Day's album "Here's Dennis Day!" (T 741).
1956 - Frank Sinatra (on vocals), with Nelson Riddle conducting his own arrangements to the orchestra (Harry Edison, Conrad Gozzo, Mannie Klein, and Mickey Mangano on trumpet; Milt Bernhart and Jimmy Priddy on trombone; Juan Tizol on valve trombone; George Roberts on bass trombone; Harry Klee and Willie Schwartz on alto saxophone and clarinet; Justin Gordon and James Williamson on tenor saxophone; Mort Friedman on baritone saxophone; Bill Miller on piano; George Van Eps on guitar; Joe Comfort on bass; Irv Cottler on drums; Kathryn Julye on harp; and on strings: Victor Bay, Alex Beller, Walter Edelstein, Henry Hill, Alex Murray, Paul Nero, Nathan Ross, Mischa Russell, Paul Shure, and Felix Slatkin on violin; Alvin Dinkin, Maxine Johnson, and Milton Thomas on viola; Ennio Bolognini, Edgar Lustgarten, and Eleanor Slatkin on cello), records the tracks "It Happened In Monterey", "Swinging Down The Lane", "Flowers Mean Forgiveness" (with additional vocals by Clark Yocum, Allan Davies, Charles Schrouder, and Lee Gotch), and "I've Got You Under My Skin" at Capitol Records' Melrose Avenue studios (formerly radio station KHJ, now television station KCAL 9) in Hollywood, California between 8:00pm and 11:30pm. Capitol Records will issue the first, second, and last tracks together on Sinatra's album "Songs For Swinging Lovers" (W-653) and the third track as a single (Capitol 3350) with "You'll Get Young" on the flip side and on Sinatra's EP "Hey! Jealous Lover" (EAP-1-800)
50 Years Ago Today In 1959 - Capitol Records releases Ferlin Husky's single "My Reason For Living" (Capitol 4123) with "Wrong" on the flip side
50 Years Ago Today In 1959 - In Los Angeles, California Judy Garland (on vocals), with Gordon Jenkins and His Orchestra (lineup unlisted), records nineteen and a half minutes of music for parts of her album "The Letter" which will be issued by Capitol Records (T 1188).
50 Years Ago Today In 1959 - Jack Marshall (on guitar and zither) and His Music (Don Fagerquist, Mannie Klein, and Uan Rasey on trumpet; Milt Bernhart on trombone; Bob Enevoldsen on valve trombone; Justin Gordon and George Smith on saxophones; Milt Raskin on piano; Barney Kessel on guitar; Joe Mondragon and Mike Rubin on bass; Shelly Manne on drums; Larry Bunker, Milt Holland, and Lou Singer on percussion), using Marshall's arrangements, record the tracks "Whistle While You Work", "Tip Toe Thru' The Tulips With Me", and "The River Kwai March (Colonel Bogey)", and "Walkin' Around" in Los Angeles, California. Capitol Records will issue all the tracks on the album "Soundsville! - Swinging Sketches By Jack Marshall And His Music" (T 1194).
1960- Jack Marshall's Music (with Jack Marshall on guitar), using arrangements by Marshall, records the tracks "Oklahoma Hills", "The Deputy Chase", "San Antonio Rose", and "Along The Navajo Trail" in Los Angeles, California. Capitol Records will issue all the tracks on Marshall's album "The Marshall Swings!!!" (T 1351).
1960 - Overdubs are recorded for two takes of The Kingston Trio's track "Home From The Hill" in New York City, New York. Capitol Records will issue the final version of the second take as a single (Capitol 4338) with "El Matador" on the flip side. Collectors' Choice Music will issue the final version of the first take on the CD "Sold Out/String Along" (CCM 225-2).
1960 - Leonard Pennario (on piano) records Johann Stauss' "On The Beautiful Blue Danube", Frederick Chopin's "Polonaise In A flat, Opus 53, N° 6 (Heroic)", and Franz Liszt's "Hungarian Rhapsody N° 2" in Los Angeles, California. Capitol Records will issue both tracks on Pennario's album "Favorite Classics For Piano (CHOPIN/DEBUSSY/LISZT/RACHMANINOFF/STRAUSS)" (P-8312).
1961 - The DeCastro Sisters (vocalists Babette, Cherie, and Olga DeCastro, with unlisted musicians) record the (as of 2005) unissued track "I Would If I Could But I Can't" and the track "Bells" in Los Angeles, California. Capitol Records will issue the last track as a single (Capitol 4537) with "Red Sail In The Sunset" on the flip side.
1961 - June Christy (on vocals), with Pete Rugolo arranging and conducting the orchestra (Richard Perissi and James Decker on French horn; Bud Shank on flute; Bob Cooper on oboe; Catherine Gotthoffer on harp; Joe Mondragon on bass; Gene Estes on drums; and on strings: Victor Arno, Israel Baker, Robert Barene, Anatol Kaminsky, Dan Lube, Alfred Lustgarten, Lou Raderman, Albert Steinberg, and Gerald Vinci on violin; Virginia Majewski and Ray Mehennick on viola; and Edgar Lustgarten and Eleanor Stlatkin on cello), records the tracks "The Little Star", "Christmas Heart", and "This time Of Year" in The Capitol Tower Studios in Hollywood, California between 8:30 and 11:30 pm. Capitol Records will issue all the tracks on Christy's album "This Time Of Year" (T 1605).
1961 - Guy Lombardo (conducting his own arrangements) and His Royal Canadians (lineup unlisted) record the tracks "Jeannine, I Dream Of Lilac Time", "Vienna My Love", "Always", "My Buddy", and "Girl Of My Dreams" in New York City, New York. Capitol Records will issue all the tracks on Lombardo's album "Waltzing With Guy Lombardo" (T 1738).
1962 - Carl "Little Rev" Lattimore records the tracks "Carl's Dance Party (Let's Do The Peppermint Twist)", "What About Love", the (as of 2005) unissued track "Tell It To My Baby", an unlisted track, and the (as of 2005) unissued track "My Babe" in Los Angeles, California. Capitol Records will issue the first track as a single (Capitol 4715) with "" on the flip side. No Issuing information is listed for "What About Love" so if anyone knows if the track has ever been issued, please leave a comment.
1966 - The Guy Lombardo Orchestra signs a new contract with Capitol Records.
1966 - Jody Miller (on vocals, with unlisted musicians) records the track "We're Gonna Let The Good Times Roll" and the (as of 2005) unissued tracks "You're My Favorite Everything" and "I'm Making Room" in Los Angeles, California. After overdubs are recorded on January 18, 1966 Capitol Records will issue the first track as a single (Capitol 5594) with "I Don't Care" on the flip side.
1967 - Lottie Jo Jones records the tracks "Stand By Me (Medley)" and "I Believe To My Soul" in Los Angeles, California. Capitol Records will issue the last track as a single (Capitol 5994) with "Walk Tall" on the flip side. No Issuing information is listed for the first track so if anyone knows if it's ever been issued, please leave a comment.
1967 - The Beach Boys (lineup unlisted) record the (as of 2005) unissued track "I Don't Know" in Los Angeles, California for Capitol Records.
1967 - The Outsiders (band leader Tom King on vocals and guitar; Merdin "Mert" Madsen on vocals, guitar, bass, and harmonica; Denny Benson, Emmett "Sonny" Geraci, and William "Bill" Bruno on vocals and unlisted instruments) record the tracks "Bend Me, Shape Me, "A Kind Of A Drag", "Haunted By Your Love", "Gimme Some Lovin'", "I Wanna Be Free", "It's Your Love", and a new take of the track "Charlena" in Cleveland, Ohio. Capitol Records will issue all the tracks on the band's album "In" (T 2636).
1968 - The Band (Garth Hudson and Richard Manuel on keyboards and vocals; Jaime Robbie Robertson on guitar and vocals; Rick Danko on bass and vocals; and Levon Helm on drums and vocals) records the track "The Weight" in New York City, New York. After overdubs are recorded on January 17, 1968 Capitol Records will issue the track as a single (Capitol 2269) with "I Shall Be Released" on the flip side and on the group's album "Music From 'The Big Pink'" (SKAO 2955).
1968 - The Beatles (George Harrison on lead guitar and vocals; John Lennon on rhythm guitar and vocals, Paul McCartney on bass guitar and vocals; and Ringo Starr on drums and vocals) record the track "The Inner Light" in Bombay, India. Capitol Records will issue the track as a single (Capitol 2138) with "Lady Madonna" on the flip side.
1970 - Bloodrock (Steve Hill on piano, organ and vocals; Nick Taylor on guitar and vocals; Lee Pickens on guitar; Ed Grundy on bass and vocals; and Jim Rutledge on drums and vocals) records the tracks "Timepiece", "Wicked Truth", "Gimme Your Head", "Fantastic Piece Of Architecture", and "Melvin Laid An Egg" in Los Angeles, California. Capitol Records will issue all the tracks on the group's eponymous album "Bloodrock" (ST-435).
1970 - The Steve Miller Band (lineup unlisted) records the tracks "Industrial Military Complex Hex", "Going To Mexico", "Jackson-Kent Blues (Blues N° 1)", and "Blues N° 2" in Los Angeles, California. Capitol Records will issue the first three tracks on the group's album "Number 5" (SKAO-436). No Issuing information is listed for the last track so if anyone knows if it's ever been issued, please leave a comment.
1972 - Joyous Noise (lineup unlisted) records the track "Wanderingman Suite, Part 1 - Everyman" and an unlisted track in Los Angeles, California. Capitol Records will issue the first track on the group's album "Wandering Man" (ST-11018).
1973 - Skip Jackson records the track "Knock Yourself Out" and the (as of 2005) unissued tracka "Love Is A Five Letter Word", "Man, Oh Man", and "Are You Coming To My Party" in Los Angeles, California for Capitol Records. No Issuing information is listed for the first track so if anyone knows if it's ever been issued, please leave a comment.
1973 - Supersax (Conte Candoli on trumpet; Med Flory, Joe Lopes on alto saxophone; Warne Marsh and Jay Migliori on tenor saxophone; Jack Nimitz on baritone saxophone; Ronnell Bright on piano; Buddy Clark on bass, and Jake Hanna on drums) records the tracks "Koko", "Parker's Mood", "Just Friends" (with Ray Triscari, Larry McGuire and Ralph Osborne also on trumpet and Charley Loper, Mike Barone, Ernie Tack on trombone), "C Minor The Bird", "Repetition" (with Ray Triscari, Larry McGuire and Ralph Osborne also on trumpet and Charley Loper, Mike Barone, Ernie Tack on trombone), and "Star Eyes" in Los Angeles, California. Capitol Records will issue all the tracks, except "C Minor The Bird" on the group's album "Supersax Plays Bird" (ST-11177).
1975 - Merle Haggard's single "Kentucky Gambler", with "I've Got A Darlin' (For A Wife)" is #1 on Billboard's Country Singles chart.
1976 - Overdubs are recorded for Freddie Hart (on vocals) and The Heartbeats (lineup unlisted)' tracks "Your Place Or Mine" and "I Had No Place To Go" at an unlisted location. Capitol Records will issue the final version of the first track on Hart's album "People Put To Music" (ST-11504) and the final version of the last track on Hart's album "That Look In Her Eyes" (ST-11568).
1978 - Helen Reddy (on vocals, with unlisted musicians) records the tracks "Blue" and "We'll Sing In The Sunshine" in Los Angeles, California. Capitol Records will issue both tracks on Reddy's album "We'll Sing In The Sunshine" (SW-11759).
1978 - Mink DeVille records the track "Rolene" in Los Angeles, California. Capitol Records will issue the track on DeVille's album "Return To Magenta" (SW-11780).
30 Years Ago Today In 1979 - Cheryl Ladd records the tracks "On The Run" and "You're The Only One I've Ever Needed" in Los Angeles, California. Capitol Records will issue both tracks on Ladd's album "Dance Forever" (ST-11927).
30 Years Ago Today In 1979 - The Pousette-Dart Band (lineup unlisted) records the track "Cheated" in Los Angeles, California. Capitol Records will issue the track on the group's album "Never Enough" (ST-11935).
30 Years Ago Today In 1979 - Michael Clark records the track "Fire At First Sight" in Nashville, Tennessee. Capitol Records will issue the track on Clark's album "Save The Night" (ST-11982).
1982 - Juice Newton (on vocals, with unlisted musicians) records the tracks "I'm Dancing As Fast As I Can", "Trails Of Tears" and the (as of 2005) unissued track "Fears Of Flying" in Los Angeles, California. Capitol Records will issue the first two tracks on Newton's album "Quiet Lies" (ST-12210).
1983 - O'Bryan (aka O'Bryan Burnette) records the tracks "Dazzlin' Lady", "I'm In Love Again", "Together Always", "You And I", "Shake", "Soft Touch", and "Soul Train's A-Comin'" in Los Angeles, California. Capitol Records will issue all the tracks on O'Bryan's album "You And I" (ST-12256).
25 Years Ago Today In 1984 - April Wine (Myles Goodwyn on keyboards, guitar and vocals; Daniel Barbe on keyboards; Brian Greenway and Gary Moffet on guitars and vocals; Steve Lang on bass and vocals; Marty Simon on drums; and Jerry Mercer on drums and vocals) records the tracks "This Could Be The Right One", "Sons Of The Pioneers", "Without Your Love", "Money Talks", "Last Time I'll Ever Sing The Blues", "Hard Rock Kid", "Gimme That Thing Called Love", "Too Hot To Handle", "Really Don't Want Your Love", and "Rock Tonite" in (listed as possibly) Los Angeles, California. Capitol Records will issue all the tracks, except "Really Don't Want Your Love" on the group's album "Animal Grace" (ST-12311) and will issue "Really Don't Want Your Love" as a single (Capitol 5319) with "This could Be the Right One" on the flip side.
1987 - During two sessions held this day at The Music Mill in Nashville, Tennessee Tanya Tucker (on vocals), Paul Davis, and Paul Overstreet (making unlisted contributions) record the track "Temporary Blue" at the first session and ""Heart Breaker" at the second session. Capitol Records will issue "Heartbreaker" as a single (Capitol 44100) with "I Won't Take Less Than Your Love" on the flip side and both tracks on Tucker's album "Love Me Like You Used To" (CLT-46870) as part of it's International series.
1987 - Capitol Records registers the master for Jon Butcher Axis' track "Prisoners Of The Silver Chain" and will issue the track as a single (Capitol 44046) with "Wishes" on the flip side and on Butcher's album "Wishes" (ST-12542).
1998 - Gene Vincent, Capitol Records artist, is posthumously inducted into the Rock 'N' Roll Hall Of Fame

ON THIS DAY NOT QUITE IN CAPITOL RECORDS HISTORY
1958 - Eddie Cochran records the track "Jeannie, Jeannie, Jeannie" in Los Angeles, California for Liberty Records. EMI Music, Capitol Music's parent company, currently owns Liberty Record's catalog.
1968 - Chynna Phillips, singer with the SBK Records group Wilson, and daughter of John and Michelle Phillips (members of the group The Mamas & the Papas) is born, in Los Angeles, California. EMI Music, Capitol Music's parent company, currently owns the SBK Records catalog.
35 Years Ago Today In 1974 - Melanie Chisholm, singer, songwriter, with the Virgin Records group The Spice Girls (as "Sporty Spice), and a solo artist using the name Mel C, is born in Widnes (near Liverpool), England. EMI Music, Capitol Music's parent company, currently owns Virgin Records' catalog.
30 Years Ago Today 1979 - Michael Johnson records the track "This Night Won't Last Forever" at an unlisted location. EMI America will issue the track as a single (EMI America 7100) with "Blue Than Blue" on the flip side. EMI Music, Capitol Music's parent company, currently owns the EMI America catalog.
1982 - David Lasley starts recording the tracks "On Third Steet", "Take A Look", and "Looking For Love On Broadway" at an unlisted location and will finish recording the tracks the next day. EMI America will issue all the tracks on Lasley's album "Missin' Twenty Grand" (ST-17066). EMI Music, Capitol Music's parent company, currently owns the EMI America catalog.
1986 - Dan Seals' EMI America single "Bop", with "In San Antone" on the flip side, is #1 on Billboard's Country Singles chart. EMI Music, Capitol Music's parent company, currently owns the EMI America catalog.

ON THIS DAY NOT IN CAPITOL RECORDS HISTORY
1965 - NBC-TV airs the first episode of the pop show "Hullabaloo!" designed to compete with ABC's popular "Shindig" show. The first broadcast features guests The New Christy Minstrels, Gerry and the Pacemakers, The Zombies (introduced by Brian Epstein), and Woody Allen.
1966 - "Batman", a live action half hour cliffhanger show that will air twice a week, debuts on ABC-TV.

2 comments:

Tom said...

Mark,
You did it again :)

It's LINDY Doherty NOT Linda Doherty in today's blog post.

Tom

markhn said...

Hi Tom,

Sorry about that! I've gone back and corrected the earlier listings and will try to remember to make the corrections on the sessions coming up in February and April.